Perintah-perintah Dasar Linux

Dalam mempelajari OS Linux, kita harus mengerti perintah dasar dari linux, karena perintah dasar linux adalah kunci pengoperasian linux, dengan mengetahui dasar Linux kita dapat melanjutkan untuk mempelajari yang lain seperti, membuat Websever, DNS, DHCP, Proxy, Mail, dll.
Dibawah ini ada beberapa perintah linux dan fungsinya,

Alias               Create an alias
Awk                Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index
bzip2               Compress or decompress named file(s)
cal                   Display a calendar
cat                   Display the contents of a file
cd                    Change Directory
chgrp              Change group ownership
chmod             Change access permissions
chown             Change file owner and group
chroot             Run a command with a different root directory
cksum             Print CRC checksum and byte counts
clear                Clear terminal screen
cmp                 Compare two files
comm.             Compare two sorted files line by line
command       Run a command – ignoring shell functions
cp                    Copy one or more files to another location
cron                Daemon to execute scheduled commands
crontab           Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit               Split a file into context-determined pieces
cut                   Divide a file into several parts
date                 Display or change the date & time
df                    Display free disk space
diff                  Display the differences between two files
diff3                Show differences among three files
dig                   DNS lookup
dir                   Briefly list directory contents
dircolors         Colour setup for `ls’
dirname          Convert a full pathname to just a path
dirs                  Display list of remembered directories
du                    Estimate file space usage
echo                Display message on screen
egrep               Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
eject                Eject removable media
enable             Enable and disable builtin shell commands
env                  Environment variables
ethtool             Ethernet card settings
eval                 Evaluate several commands/arguments
exec                 Execute a command
exit                  Exit the shell
expand            Convert tabs to spaces
export             Set an environment variable
fdformat         Low-level format a floppy disk
fdisk                Partition table manipulator for Linux
fgrep               Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
file                   Determine file type
find                 Search for files that meet a desired criteria
fold                 Wrap text to fit a specified width.
format             Format disks or tapes
free                 Display memory usage
fsck                 File system consistency check and repair
ftp                   File Transfer Protocol
gawk               Find and Replace text within file(s)
getopts            Parse positional parameters
grep                Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
groups            Print group names a user is in
gzip                 Compress or decompress named file(s)
head                Output the first part of file(s)
history            Command History
hostname        Print or set system name
id                     Print user and group id’s
ifconfig           Configure a network interface
install              Copy files and set attributes
join                  Join lines on a common field
kill                   Stop a process from running
less                  Display output one screen at a time
ln                     Make links between files
locate              Find files
logname          Print current login name
logout              Exit a login shell
look                 Display lines beginning with a given string
lpc                   Line printer control program
ls                      List information about file(s)
lsof                  List open files
make               Recompile a group of programs
man                 Help manual
mkdir              Create new folder(s)
mkfifo             Make FIFOs (named pipes)
mkisofs           Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
mknod            Make block or character special files
more               Display output one screen at a time
mount             Mount a file system
mtools             Manipulate MS-DOS files
mv                   Move or rename files or directories
nano                Text editor
netstat             Networking information
nice                 Set the priority of a command or job
nohup             Run a command immune to hangups
nslookup         Query Internet name servers interactively
passwd            Modify a user password
pathchk          Check file name portability
ping                 Test a network connection
popd               Restore the previous value of the current directory
ps                    Process status
pushd              Save and then change the current directory
pwd                 Print Working Directory
quota              Display disk usage and limits
quotacheck     Scan a file system for disk usage
quotactl          Set disk quotas
ram                 ram disk device
rcp                  Copy files between two machines.
read                read a line from standard input
readonly         Mark variables/functions as readonly
remsync          Synchronize remote files via email
rm                   Remove files
rmdir              Remove folder(s)
rsync               Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)
scp                   Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff                Merge two files interactively
sed                   Stream Editor
seq                   Print numeric sequences
set                    Manipulate shell variables and functions
sftp                  Secure File Transfer Program
shift                 Shift positional parameters
shopt               Shell Options
shutdown       Shutdown or restart linux
sleep                Delay for a specified time
sort                  Sort text files
source             Run commands from a file `.’
split                 Split a file into fixed-size pieces
ssh                   Secure Shell client (remote login program)
strace              Trace system calls and signals
su                    Substitute user identity
sum                 Print a checksum for a file
symlink           Make a new name for a file
sync                 Synchronize data on disk with memory
tail                   Output the last part of files
tar                   Tape ARchiver
test                  Evaluate a conditional expression
time                 Measure Program running time
times               User and system times
touch               Change file timestamps
top                   List processes running on the system
traceroute       Trace Route to Host
trap                 Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
tty                    Print filename of terminal on stdin
type                 Describe a command
ulimit              Limit user resources
umask             Users file creation mask
umount           Unmount a device
unalias            Remove an alias
uname             Print system information
unset               Remove variable or function names
unshar            Unpack shell archive scripts
useradd          Create new user account
usermod         Modify user account
users               List users currently logged in
v                      Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b’)
vdir                 Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b’)
vi                     Text Editor
watch              Execute/display a program periodically
wc                   Print byte, word, and line counts
whereis           Report all known instances of a command
which              Locate a program file in the user’s path.
while               Execute commands
who                 Print all usernames currently logged in
whoami           Print the current user id and name (`id -un’)
Wget               Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP

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